The Horton Plains are the headwaters of three major Sri Lankan rivers, the Mahaweli, Kelani, and Walawe. In Sinhala the plains are known as Maha Eliya Plains (මහ එළිය තැන්න). Stone tools dating back to Balangoda culture have been found here. The plains’ vegetation is grasslands interspersed with montane forest and includes many endemic woody plants. Large herds of Sri Lankan sambur deer feature as typical mammals and the park is also an Important Bird Area with many species not only endemic to Sri Lanka but restricted to the Horton Plains.
Sri Lankan Sambur Deer
|Location||Central province, Sri Lanka|
|Nearest city||Ohiya and Nuwara Eliya|
|Coordinates||6°48′N 80°48′ECoordinates: 6°48′N 80°48′E|
|Area||3,160 ha (12.2 sq mi)|
|Established||1969 (Nature reserve)
1988 (National park)
|Governing body||Department of Wildlife Conservation|
|World Heritage Site||2010 (within the site Central Highlands of Sri Lanka)|
Colombo, Western – March, 15 march 2018 – One-hundred years ago, more than 20,000 wild Asian elephants inhabited Sri Lanka. Today, the population limited only to 4,000 animals by now. For Sri Lankans living in the rural countryside, close encounters with elephants during their day-to-day activities are commonplace. Crop raiding by elephants and the harsh retaliatory measures subsequently taken by people whose livelihoods depend on their farm products feeds a vicious cycle of violence. Each year, between 50 and 80 humans and between 150 and 200 elephants are killed due to human elephant conflicts. Last year marked the highest number of human and elephant deaths due to the human-elephant conflict compared to statistics since 2012, as the annual report of the Wildlife Conservation Department 2016 indicated. We facilitate every academic who comes to Sri Lanka for elephant research. Please contact coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org Seemon Malalasekera Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation (SMMTEC)
According to the report tabled in Parliament last week, 279 elephant deaths had been reported in the island last year, while 88 people including 11 females and four children died due to elephant attacks. Compared to 2015, the number of elephant deaths had increased by 74 and the number of human deaths had increased by 25. Gunfire had been the cause of death of 52 elephants. A total of 47 elephants died due to ‘hakka patas’, 26 due to electrocution, six due to poisoning, 12 due to train accidents and 17 due to other accidents. The cause of death of 54 elephants is unknown while 35 elephants died due to natural causes. The highest number of elephant attacks on humans was reported in Polonnaruwa, Eastern and Anuradhapura wildlife regions. Seventy eight people were injured due to elephant attacks last year compared to 52 in 2015. In 2016, a total of 1,320 incidents of property damages had been reported due to elephant encroachment. Habitat is shrinking daily and humans are encroaching on the territory of elephants. At the same time, many poor farmers haven’t changed their daily lives for hundreds of years but their crops and villages are being threatened. As urbanization takes hold, the elephants have nowhere else to go and end up in fields searching for food. Between 1999 to the end of 2006 every year nearly 100 wild elephants were killed. Elephants are being killed by farmers to protect their crops and houses. (DWC, 1999 – 2006).
Cost of human-wildlife conflicts is of three types: direct, indirect and opportunity costs. (Thirgood, Woodroffe & Rabinowitz, 2005). Elephants in large groups can destroy large areas of crops in a single night. While elephants target staple food crops such as rice and maize, furthermore they were attacked to the cash crops such as sugarcane and coconuts. Santiapillai et al. , (2010) calculated that an average farmer in elephant affected areas of Sri Lanka losses over USD 200 annually for crop damage, while in Thailand, farmer cost of the conflict accounted for 25% of their annual income (Jarungrattanapong & Sajjand, 2011). The tragedy indirectly repercussions for health, nutrition, education and ultimately, development (Ekanayake et al ., 2011; Fernando et al ., 2011). The research carried out in India, Sri Lanka and Kenya shows alcohol was found to be a key factor in one third of the deaths; victims were drunk and returning home from the bar (Parker et al ., 2007) Others died protecting their crops, herding cattle and walking at night between neighbouring villages. The most expensive but effective way of controlling elephant raids using electric fencing but the cost of design and materials used for electric fencing is quite high and Fernando et al. (2008) estimates it as USD 3,500-5,000/km in Sri Lanka.Organise and mobilise farmers in conflict villages and raising deep awareness on elephant behaviour patterns.Erection of Dandu Weta (Log fence) along the areas where elephants cross. Villagers in some of the frequently raided areas have experienced that the invasion could be prevented with the Dandu Weta or the Wooden Fence. The fence is erected using large logs and does not fix strongly on the ground. When touched it moves as it is not steadily fixed. Usually elephants do not touch or move over fences those are swinging or unsteady (De silva and De Silva, 2007).
Habitat enrichment could be done by planting fodder trees in the elephants’ forest areas. For example, cultivating Beru (a water grass elephants love to eat) in tanks (reservoirs) and other trees (such as Velang) that form main part of the diet of elephants. There are about 100 species of plants that are eaten by elephants. The best and the long-run HEC mitigation approach is conservation policy planning precise for different geographical locations. This needs years of research, awareness and lobbying and more importantly, political willingness. So that we urge worldwide research community in the world who love elephants to come to Sri Lanka to research in order to save this gigantic and adorable creature.
Bank Deposit Send your donations to the Serendib Tea Exports Bank account Account No: 0050-33311235-001 Account Name: Serendib Tea Exports Bank: Seylan Bank Branch: Panadura *Make sure to enter your name, address, e-mail and contact no in the remarks of the deposit slip so we may contact you. Sponsor a Project Support an elephant research project, or a tree give-away event for saving elephants in Sri Lanka. We can tell you more about the opportunities available. Contact on +94-718077147 or email us at email@example.com for future details. International Wire Transfer Account No: 0050-33311235-001 Account Name: Serendib Tea Exports Bank: Seylan Bank Branch: Panadura Branch SWIFT CODE: SEYBLKLX
Serendib Golden Tea Brand Seeking Partners for CSR We decided to allocate some amount of our funds for the development of children of plantation sector. Serendib Tea we will also donate funds for “Arm Elephant Conservation” campaign. Help us to address the poverty while saving better future for these human and beats in Sri Lanka. The project, introduce by Serendib Herbal Tea Exports, is CSR campaign and our obligation for Wildlife specially Asian Elephant. Every contribution will be entitled to receive free Cartoon of Serendib Golden Herbal Tea.
We are proud to introduce environmental protection campaign in the country of our quality products targeting CSR and awareness of nature conservation research. We started our project with Save Elephant campaign adding elephant friendly foods as force for conservation. If you are interested on any material of any quality and design please contact us on +94-718077147 or +94-382251167.
Extraordinary quality product for the world by Sri Lankan cottage industry. ‘Let your food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food’ Hippocrates
රසකාරක හෝ පිළිකාකාරක අඩංගු නොවන 100% ස්වභාවික පානයකි. 750 ml බෝතලයක 10 දෙනෙකුට සැහෙන, නැවත පරිහරණය කල හැකි වීදුරු බෝතල් වල ඇසිරිම මගින් රටේ පරිසරය ආරක්ෂා කිරිමටත් ඩෙංගු උවදුර මැඩලිමටත් අපගේ ඇති කැපවීම අපි ඔබට සහතික කරමු. රුපියල් 650 ක බෝතලයක විශේෂ හදුන්වා දීමේ මිල රුපියල් 500 කි. දිවයින පුර බෙදා හැරීමේ නියෝජිතයන් සදහා අවස්ථාවන් ඇත.
Premium, loose leaf infusion of Serendib Gold, the quality, freshness, and authenticity is the whole-mark of Serendib Golden Tea. High quality montane green tea, added with premium quality Ceylon Spices to enhance the effectiveness of this unique blend directly from Sri Lanka is our latest addition to our tea family under Serendib Gold label. ++94718077147
Buy 500g Kuruluthuda rice and get 3 cartoons of Serendib Golden Tea 50% off.
Kuruluthuda is packed full of B vitamins which are vital for the production of energy – without which there is no libido worth talking about. It is also a good source of magnesium essential for muscle contraction, which is also vital for sexual sensitivity, arousal, ejaculation and orgasm gamma-aminobutyric acid controls the brain’s pace and ¬communication with other parts of the body. the easiest and most natural way for you to keep your levels even is by the food you eat.
In this case, your body needs ¬complex carbohydrates to create a steady supply of glutamine, the amino acid that effectively turns into GABA in the body the best food for this is ofcourse Kuruluthuda Rice which contains Gamma Oryzanol healthy sex drive helps the skin manufacture vitamin D (our main source of vitamin D is the sun). Sex also boosts our production of the ‘love’ ¬hormone oxytocin — this helps brain function and memory a study by Queen’s University in Belfast that suggested having sex three or more times a week reduced the risk of heart attack or stroke in men by half.
And orgasms are thought to fight infection — increasing the number of infection-fighting cells by up to 20 per cent. Having regular sex could boost the levels of an antibody that fights colds and flu, suggested a U.S. study.
It’s also recently been found that greater sexual activity in older men might protect them against prostate cancer.
Kuruluthuda rice (Oryza sativa) comes from a word meaning ‘bird’s beak’, It is mostly grown by smallholder famers in the in the lowland areas of Sri Lanka through rain fed cultivation. Organic cultivation can take up to 5-6 months to harvest time.
Kuruluthuda rice is best when soaked in water for 20 prior to cooking, and is often boiled with a bit of salt and pandan leaves. This variety features in many Sri Lankan recipes, such as Kuruluthuda cooked in aromatic red onion and garlic oil, steamed Kuruluthuda (cooked with cardamom), and curry leaf tempered rice with five spices. Moist rice can also be ground into a flour in homes with the use of a mortar and pestle.
This Rice in Sri Lanka is also used to treat skin conditions, medicinally and cosmetically. Boiled and cooled rice is mashed and made into a paste or moulded into balls to be applied to boils, sores, swellings and skin blemishes. Rice extracts like starch and oil are used in a range of cosmetic and hygiene products, considered to have moisturizing and nourishing effects on the hair and skin.
Kuruthuda is truly a miracle rice offering the following functional and medicinal benefits;
1) Helps Reduce/prevention of Diabetic Conditions –
The High Fiber Content in these verities of Rice reduces the glycemic index (GI) to less than 55 which is known as Low GI , as a result it reduces absorption of Glucose to the Body. Several lines of recent scientific evidence have shown that individuals who followed a low-GI diet over many years were at a significantly lower risk for developing both type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and age-related macular degeneration than others
** also please see the study by the Department of Food Science and Technology Faculty of Agriculture University of Peradeniya
2) Reduces Cardio-vascular diseases –
Rice bran contain natural antioxidents such as oryzanol and tocotrienols. This property also reduces the cardio -vascular diseases.
One type of phytonutrient especially abundant in these types of rice are plant lignans, which are converted by friendly flora in our intestines into mammalian lignans, including one called enterolactone that is thought to protect against breast and other hormone-dependent cancers as well as heart disease.
3) Antioxidant properties –
It is concluded in a study done by the Industrial Technology Institute (ITI) (No.10715TG6) that, brans of Sri Lankan traditional red rice possess marked antioxidant properties and consumption may play an important role in prevention of oxidative stress associated chronic diseases. The most startling discovery is that it has more antioxidants than green tea which is significant advantage when promoting the rice
** also please see the study by the Department of Food Science and Technology Faculty of Agriculture University of Peradeniya