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Horton Plains National Park

The Horton Plains are the headwaters of three major Sri Lankan rivers, the Mahaweli, Kelani, and Walawe. In Sinhala the plains are known as Maha Eliya Plains (මහ එළිය තැන්න). Stone tools dating back to Balangoda culture have been found here. The plains’ vegetation is grasslands interspersed with montane forest and includes many endemic woody plants. Large herds of Sri Lankan sambur deer feature as typical mammals and the park is also an Important Bird Area with many species not only endemic to Sri Lanka but restricted to the Horton Plains.

Sri Lankan Sambur Deer

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Location Central province, Sri Lanka
Nearest city Ohiya and Nuwara Eliya
Coordinates 6°48′N 80°48′ECoordinates: 6°48′N 80°48′E
Area 3,160 ha (12.2 sq mi)
Established 1969 (Nature reserve)
1988 (National park)
Governing body Department of Wildlife Conservation
World Heritage Site 2010 (within the site Central Highlands of Sri Lanka)

 

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